Brunei

A virtual guide to Brunei, a small oil-rich sultanate along the northern coast of the island of Borneo, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. Brunei consists of two non-contiguous parts divided by a portion of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. The country shares maritime borders with China and Malaysia. Brunei has claimed a continental shelf/exclusive economic zone stretching 200 nautical miles from its coast, which extends Brunei territorial waters deep into the middle of the South China Sea.

Brunei occupies an area of of 5,765 km², the country is slightly larger than twice the size of Luxembourg, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Delaware.

A British protectorate since 1888, Brunei was the only Malay state in 1963 which chose to remain so rather than join the federation that became Malaysia. Full independence came relatively late in 1984.

The country has a population of of 417,200 people (in 2015). National capital is Bandar Seri Begawan. Spoken languages are Bahasa Melayu (Malay, official), English, Chinese and native languages of Borneo. In 2014 Brunei became the first East Asian country to adopt strict Islamic sharia law.

Official Name: Negara Brunei Darussalam short form: Brunei

Country Calling Code: +673

ISO Country Code: bn

Time:
Local Time = UTC +8h
Actual Time: Wed-May-3 11:34

Capital City: Bandar Seri Begawan

Other Cities: Kuala Belait, Seria, Temburong, Panaga, Tutong.

Government:
Type: Malay Islamic Monarchy.
Independence: 1 January 1984.
Constitution: 1959.

Geography:
Location: Southeastern Asia, on the island Borneo bordering the South China Sea and Brunei Bay.
Area: 5,765 km² (2,226 sq. mi.).
Terrain: East–flat coastal plain rises to mountains; west–hilly lowland with a few mountain ridges

Climate: Equatorial tropical; high temperatures, humidity, and rainfall.

People:
Nationality: Bruneian(s).
Population: 417,200 (2015)
Ethnic groups: Malay, Chinese, other indigenous groups.
Religion: Islam.
Languages: Malay, English, Chinese; Iban and other indigenous dialects.
Literacy: 94.7%.

Natural resources: Oil and natural gas.

Agriculture products: Rice, vegetables, fruits; livestock, forestry, fish.

Industries: Petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction.

Exports – commodities: mineral fuels, organic chemicals

Exports partners: Japan 35.9%, South Korea 14.8%, Thailand 10.8%, India 9.8%, NZ 5.6%, Australia 5% (2015)

Imports – commodities: machinery and mechanical appliance parts, mineral fuels, motor vehicles, electric machinery

Imports partners: Singapore 27.9%, China 25.3%, Malaysia 12.4%, UK 10.6%, South Korea 4.9% (2015)

Currency: Bruneian Dollar (BND)

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